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A Complete Guide to Columbia Valley Wine

Washington is not about only clouds and rain only. If you love the bold, fruit-forward red wines, you will surely like Columbia Valley AVA a lot. Washington is the place where the sun doesn’t shine. And this couldn’t be any further from the truth.

300 days of sunshine is received by the eastern side of the state in a year. And if you compare Washington with Napa Valley, you will find that the Napa Valley receives about 260 days/year.

Washington is the place where you can enjoy a long, consistent growing season that allows it to produce some of the best red wine varieties around. These wine lists consist of Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Merlot, and even limited plantings of Petit Verdot, Mourvèdre, and Petite Sirah!

Here is the complete guide about Columbia Valley AVA to make you clear about what wines are the best and what you should know about Washington wine.

The Columbia Valley Facts

  • The Columbia Valley AVA is located on the eastern side of Washington State and a small part of Oregon. It was established in 1984.
  • The Columbia Valley AVA consists of 50,316 acres of vineyards. It represents 99% of Washington wine country. And these areas are bigger than Napa Valley. It consists of 45000 acres. 
  • Walla Walla Valley, Horse Heaven Hills, Red Mountain, and Yakima Valley are some of the best AVAs of the Columbia Valley. 
  • People of Columbia Valley enjoy an average of 6 to 8 inches of rainfall. If you compare this place with the other one, you will find a situation similar to Gobi Desert in Mongolia that generally gets 7.6 inches.
  • The region’s water for the agriculture work comes from the Columbia River as well as snowmelt and also from the Cascade Mountains. If you don’t know, Washington is the world’s largest producer.
  • The wines of Columbia Valley consist of increased aromatics because of predominantly loess.

Different Types of Wines from Columbia Valley

  • Red Wine:These wines are available in cherries, currants, cassis, and ground, dried herbs. Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah, Petit Verdot, Grenache, Tempranillo, Cabernet Franc, as well as Bordeaux- and RhĂ´ne-style Blends are some of the best red wines from the region.
  • White Wine:These wines can be available in lemon, lime, green/golden delicious apples, white peaches, nectarines with moderate acidity. In Washington’s dry climate, white wine varieties are the most popular ones. This climate includes Riesling, Viognier, Marsanne, Roussanne, Sauvignon Blanc, SĂ©millon, and of course, white Bordeaux-style blends.
  • RosĂ© Wine:This type of wine is dry, crisp, and refreshing. It is available in cranberry, strawberry, melon, and herbal notes. This is a fresh and refreshing drink.

Syrah is one of the best wines that shows impressive potential in the Columbia Valley. Still, this thing depends from one region to another. You can enjoy flowers, cocoa, and blackberry jam here and these things are made from wine. The grapes for the wine comes from the Western Yakima Valley, A Walla Walla Valley Syrah. These places also offer notes of roasted meats, olives, and iodine along with more lavish texture.

Different Regions for Wine in Columbia Valley

Columbia Valley is a large area that’s why they are split up into smaller AVAs. This is a nice thing because these different areas have different specialty and different characteristics. Here are some of the most important AVAs to know:

Yakima Valley

This place is completely different in terms of climate from west to east. This place is famous for the production of all types of red and white wine varieties. Yakima Valley is the Pacific Northwest's oldest AVA. Red Mountain, Snipes Mountain, and Rattlesnake Hills are the other three different sub-AVAs in Yakima Valley's own right.

  • Famous For:This place is famous for a number of things such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Merlot, Riesling, Grenache, Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Gris, Sangiovese, Viognier, Petit Verdot, Bordeaux-style Blends, GSM Blends, and Mourvèdre.

Red Mountain

Small in Size, but Mighty in Look: If you want to enjoy dark, tannic, red wine, Red Mountain is the place that you should visit. This is the hottest sub-AVA. 

  • Famous Things:Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, and Merlot with high tannins and Chenin Blanc and some amount of Chardonnay.

Snipes Mountain

This is the place for some of Washington's oldest grapevines. You will find the unique soil here. First and melon-sized gravel deposits left behind by the ancient flow of the Columbia River.

  • Famous For:The latest releases of Grenache with AVA-designated are stupefyingly good.
  • Cool Fact:Snipes Mountain has been producing grapes since 1917and it consists of various Muscat of Alexandria vines.

Rattlesnake Hills

This region shares the even number of wines in red and white varieties. This region's superior level of elevation protects against spring, fall frosts and even hard winter freezes.

  • Famous Fore:Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Riesling, and some Chardonnay are some of the most famous things about this region.
  • Cool Fact:This region is centered on the most worshiped town of Zillah. This region consists of a place for worship called the Church of God-Zillah.
  • Cooler Fact:The most interesting thing about this church, it'solder than the very concept of Godzilla.

Walla Walla Valley

This place was first famous for wheat, asparagus, and sweet onions because it's one of the leading agricultural hubs. And as time passes, it becomes wine's next big producer. We can't define this place by single terroir, soils, precipitation levels, and elevations because they vary from the west to the east to the south.

  • Famous For: This region has too many things to explore that includes Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Sangiovese, Viognier, Marsanne, Roussanne, Petit Verdot, Cabernet Franc, Malbec, Bordeaux-style Blends.
  • Cool Fact:Washington wine got the start from this place in the 1850s. And it was happened with Cinsault Plantings by Italian immigrants.

The Rocks of Milton-Freewater

This region is located in Oregon. This became the official AVA in 2015. Here you can get some amazing wine. But, you have to spend more money compared to other regions. The wines are expensive here.

  • Famous For:Syrah, Cabernet Franc, Tempranillo, Malbec, Viognier are some of the famous things of this origin.


The above-described information will help you to purchase Columbia Valley Wine easily. There are plenty of flavors available in this wine so you might get confuse. But, with the help of the above discussion, you can easily understand the different regions and their famous wines. If you are a wine lover, you will surely love to enjoy this post as it provides complete information about Columbia Valley Wine. As the demand increases day by day, you can find many wine suppliers with Columbia Valley Wine at their place.

October 12, 2019 by Last WineDown

Making The Best White Wine Sauce


White sauce is one of the most common of all sauces currently used in food preparation. It can be used with a number of different types of entrees and side dishes to enhance the food's flavor. Looking for a little change to your cooking, try spicing up your plain white sauce with a little white wine to add a very unique flavor. Not all wines are going to be the right choice when it comes to putting it in a white sauce.

When it comes to selecting a good white wine to be used in preparing a white in sauce, it is highly recommended by the top chefs to use a crisp, dry wine. If you choose one that is too sweet, you will end up with a sauce that is too much on the sweet side and if you select a more bitter wine you sauce will reflect that bitterness.

When to use a white wine sauce in your cooking?

Wine is typically used in cooking for a number of reasons; reducing sauces, deglazing, steaming, and adding acidy to a specific dish. White wine is one of the most preferred of all types of wines that are used in cooking. It is, however, important to know the correct way and time to add any wine to your sauce. The following step by step method describes a chef’s preferred way to prepare a proper white wine sauce.

8 Simple step to making the best white wine sauce

Step #1 It all starts with a heated pan - Any good white sauce begins with a pan or skillet heated on medium heat. Start out with a tablespoon of olive oil and follow it with either a ÂĽ to â…“ cup of shallots or onions, you may also add carrots if you prefer. For a more flavorful sauce be sure to use the same pan or skillet that you used to prepare meat (protein) for the meal. Adding the leftover fats that cooked out will enhance the taste of your white sauce.

Step #2 A good smelling pan is necessary - A good smelling sauce is a definite plus and adding a couple of cloves of garlic will definitely do the trick. As onions or shallots begin to brown or carmelize you can add â…“ to â…” cups of chopped celery. The aromas that are given off during the cooking process are really important when it comes to making a good white wine sauce. When preparing a sauce there two distinct methods French and Italian. Each way has its own unique way of cooking the food.

Step #3 Adding the wine (One for the pan and one for you) - Always pour two glasses of wine, one for the chef and one for pan. When everything in the pan has a nice brown color it is time to add the wine. Pour half to Âľ of a glass of wine into the pan and this is to help in deglazing the bottom of the pan. The wine will help to loosen up anything that could be still stuck to the bottom of the pan and it also helps to ensure that it mixes thoroughly into the sauce. White wine is best for a lighter or cream sauces.

Step #4 Decisions decision, (recipes vary at this point) - At this point, the total volume of your sauce has been reduced in half and you are ready to add the fat part of the sauce. This is where the second real decision is made if you prefer a French-style sauce you would add a tablespoon of butter, however, if your preference is an Italian-style sauce then you would add a tablespoon of olive oil. Once you added the fat, using a whisk to stir in a tablespoon or more of flour. The actual amount of fat and flour will depend greatly on whether you want a thicker or thinner sauce.

Step #5 What herbs to use - This step is actually totally optional and you can skip it altogether if you are not partial to adding herbs to your cooking. However, if you do like cooking with herbs, now is when you would add them to your sauce. You should be adding 1 tablespoon to ÂĽ cup of herbs.

Step #6 Add volume (if you prefer) - If you are good with a concentrated or reduced sauce then you can skip over this step, however, if you prefer more volume to your sauce then you will want to add some additional liquid to the pan. There are two ways you can reduce a white wine sauce, by adding ½ to 1 full cup of milk or heavy whipping cream. You can also use ½ cup to 1 cup of broth. If you are making this white wine sauce to go with pasta, now is the time to add your pasta to the pan.

Step #7 Cheese sauce anyone? - Depending on the dish that you are making you can add cheese to the pain to create a cheese sauce. This is typically done when you are making an alfredo sauce. The type of cheese you use is strictly up to you and will alter the taste of the white wine sauce. This is also when you want to add the protein (meats) that you prepared before the sauce. If you undercooked your meat it is recommended that you simmer it longer to ensure it is thoroughly cooked before serving. 

Step #8 Final touches - Just before you take it off the burner you want to season to taste. Adding a small amount of pepper and salt at a time to add the right amount flavor. You may all add an additional amount of your favorite fresh herbs. You can also at this time correct some possible problems including incresing volume or reducing or adding a bit of acid. Lemon juice is perfect for adding acidity and molasses can be added for a touch of sweetness.  You are now ready to serve your meal.

October 12, 2019 by Last WineDown

What You Should Know About Pinot Noir Wine

Conservatively speaking there are probably hundreds if not thousands of wines that are available on the world market today. With wine being one of the most enjoyed beverages by the masses since the beginning of time and over the years much has changed in the making of the wine. However, at the same time, much has also remained the same when it comes to where the different wines come from. This includes the regions where certain varieties of wines are produced and we will discuss why it is very important where some varieties of wine originate from.

Pinot Noir Wine

According to research Pinot Noir Wine is the most popular of all the light-bodied red wines on the market. People who enjoy wine because it is very aromatic, with a hint of spice and hit the palette very smoothly. The unique flavor of the Pinot Noir wine is a combination of several flavors including mushrooms, hibiscus, raspberry, cherry, and cloves. Vines of Pinot Noir grapes can be found in many different regions of the world.

Along with Pinot Noir Wine (red wine), the Pinot Noirs grapes are also being used in some Champagnes and sparkling white wines which includes both Italian Franciacorta and English Sparkling wines.

Origins of Pinot Noir Wine

When it comes to making wine it always starts and ends with the grape and each wine assumes the characteristics of the grape and the region where it originates. While some varieties of grapes that are used to make the wine are only grown in one specific region of the world, not all fall into this category. The Pinot Noir grapes that are used to make the Pinot Noir Wine originally came from an area called Burgundy, France.

The Pinot Noir Grape plant grows plentifully in cooler climates and well taken care of soil of many vineyards all over the world. This includes the coastal areas of the West Coast of California and Oregon to include both Napa Valley and Sonoma in Nothern California. One of the reasons why these areas are popular places to find the Pinot Noir grapes is because of its close proximity to bodies of water and or protected valley’s.

French variety of Pinot Noir Wine

Since the original Pinot Noir grape comes from vines growing in the Burgundy region in France, located on a very narrow, east-facing slope of Dijon, France. These vines date back to the Middle Ages where Cistercian Monks could be found tending. The process followed by French winemakers causes there to be an increased amount of tannin in the wine. This helps to give it an exceptional floral and earthy aroma and flavor.

Despite the Pinot Noir variety of grapes being the most planted of all the different varieties of wine grapes, they are the most difficult of all to grow and make them into wine. The grapes on the vines form extremely tight clusters when growing, which can frequently lead to rotting on the vine if they are not closely monitored. The very thin skin of the grapes and lower levels of the important phenolic compounds that lead to a medium-bodied, but lighter colored wines.

California variety of Pinot Noir Wine

While the Pinot Noir grape is believed to thrive in cooler climate, this may beg the question, why is California the primary area for American varieties of the Pinot Noir Wines? The simple answer is that the coastal and valley areas of Northern California have a unique climate which includes regular amounts of fog and cooling breezes directly off the Pacific Ocean. The combination of the regular morning fog and ocean breezes closely resembles the cool climate that is found in the Burgundy area of France.

The Napa Valley, Sonoma, and Central Coast regions of Northern California also happen to be the leading wine grape growing regions of the United States. The California variety of Pinot Noir wine is known for its rich, fruity and lush style, which should come at no surprise why it is such a popular style of red wine. Knowing when the grapes have reached the optimum ripeness is the absolute key to getting the best flavor out of the grapes.

Aging in barrels

Part of the uniqueness of the flavor of California Pinot Noir wine is the choice of barrels that are used in the aging process. After the grapes are squeezed and processed into wine, winemakers then fill specially selected oak barrels imported directly from France. These barrels contain a hint of allspice that is transferred to the wine during the aging process and that is why when you uncork a new bottle of Pinot Noir Wine from one of the California wineries you will catch the aroma and flavor of allspice.

How do you go about pairing Pinot Noir wine with food?

Since wines are generally served and consumed during a meal, it is very important that you choose the right wine to go along with your meal. When it comes to selecting which foods go best with a glass of Pinot Noir wine you need to know first which of the two distinct types of Pinot Noir wine you are being served to be sure you know which foods will go with it. The fruitier type of Pinot Noir goes best with salmon, roasted chicken, and pasta entrees. If you are being served a Pinot Noir that is heavier on tannin than you would want to be sure to order game birds, including duck, casserole, and beef stews like beef bourguignon.

A few additional things to know about Pinot Noir wine

The proper handling of wine is important to ensure that you get the most enjoyment out of the experience. A bottle of Pinot Noir wine should be chilled before being poured at a temperature of 55° to 60° to ensure the best possible taste. When it comes to serving Pinot Noir it is best to pour the wine into an aroma collector type of wine glass. If at all possible, you want to pour the contents of the bottle in a decanter and let it sit for up to 30-min prior to serving wine to your family.

October 12, 2019 by Last WineDown

Top7 Benefits of Choosing Boxed Wine

Wine is one of the most popular of all adult beverages with millions of bottles of wine being bought every year. Whether it is a glass or two with dinner, a relaxing glass after a busy day or several bottles shared with good friends at a party, there are many ways to enjoy the deliciousness of your favorite wine.

Up until the mid-sixties, the only way you could buy your favorite wine was in a bottle. That all changed in 1965 when a man named Thomas Angove from South Australia created the wine in a box. Inside the box was a plastic bladder made from plastic and an air-tight valve which contained up to one-gallon of wine. The polyurethane plastic material in the bladder is considered to be food-grade and therefore will not alter the taste of wine.

The true key to boxed wine is the air-tight valve that helps to preserve the freshness of the wine. You can open a box of wine and place it in the refrigerator and it will retain its full flavor for more than 30 days. The box can also be stored unopened for up to one year depending on the type of wine in the box.

Top7 Benefits of buying boxed wine

After doing some research about boxed wine, we found some very interest things that point to this way of buying your wine can be very beneficial. We came up with five very strong benefits of choosing your favorite wine in a box. Below are the five that we came up with and a description of each of them.

Benefit #1 Quality of wine in the box - It is a well-known fact that most of the boxed wine on the market today is made up of wine that is sub-$20 wine. With that in mind, you would be happy to know that pretty much covers that range of the top quality everyday wines. Depending on what type of wine you favor, you may still not be able to find it in a box even if it falls into the sub-$20 price range. However, if you aspire to drink much higher quality wine, you will likely be disappointed.

Benefit #2 Maintains its freshness longer - Ever since it was first introduced back in 1965, the boxed win concept has found a foothold in the wine buying landscape. This is due mainly to the fact that you can purchase a full gallon of your favorite wine in a box and it will retain its full freshness and flavor for several weeks. Unlike a typical wine bottle that has a wooden or plastic cork, the air-tight valve and twist-on cap help to prevent the spoiling of contents of the box. The part of the box is the unique plastic bladder that holds up to a gallon of wine and will not adversely affect the taste of the wine, even if you store it for up to one year.

Benefit #3 Lower costs associated with boxed wine - The lower cost of making and packaging boxed wine makes it a much better option as compared to old fashion glass bottles. The equipment used to produce and package wine in glass bottles is extremely expensive. When you add into the cost of the associated materials including corks, screwtops, caps and, decorative foils commonly found on bottles. On the other hand, wine in a box is far less expensive with the cost of the polyurethane plastic bladder, the air-tight valve/cap, and the cardboard box. The ratio of wine to packaging with boxed wine is 96% wine to 4% packaging., with glass bottles, the ratio is 60% wine and 40% packaging.

Benefit #4 A much better container for holding wine - The inventer of the boxed wine, Thomas Angove from South Australia, discovered that putting a gallon of wine in a polyurethane bladder is a perfect combination. What also makes it a much better container for holding a larger quantity of wine (up to one gallon) is the air-tight valve that prevents air from getting inside and coming in contact with the wine inside. While you can find larger glass bottles of certain kinds of wine, the twist-off caps that are commonly found on this size of bottles do not prevent air from getting inside.

Benefit #5 Comes in a number of sizes - Since the bladder inside the box holds the wine, the size of the box will vary depending on the amount of liquid it holds. You can choose from three different sizes of boxed wine including 1.5, 3 and 5 liters. It becomes a huge benefit when you consider a glass of wine cost is far cheaper when purchased in a box. The 3-liter box is the equivalent to 4 typical 750-milliliter glass bottles of wine. The 3-liter box contains approximately 20 5-ounce glasses of wine and when purchased in the box versus four bottles, you will save a considerable amount of money.

Benefit #6 More ecologically friendly the glass bottles - In this day and age the environment is at the forefront and more people have become much more concerned about having a much smaller carbon footprint. Cardboard boxes are much lighter than glass which means transporting the equivalent amount of wine in glass bottles is much cheaper in the long run. You will be able to slow down the progression of greenhouse gases, fewer emissions, less pollution, and it is cheaper than glass. The boxed wine packaging is much less expensive and it can virtually be completely recycled.

Benefit #7 A wide selection of varieties of wines come in boxes - While boxed wine definitely has its advantages it has taken a while for it to be widely accepted. With the greater acceptance comes a better selection of the different varieties of wines that come in boxes. You can easily find the standard favorites like Chardonnay, Merlot, Moscato, and Cabernets
October 12, 2019 by Last WineDown

Sherry is The Other White Wine : Things to Know

Sherry Wine

Sherry wine has really gotten a bad wrap by many people over the years and much of it centers around cheap mass-produced versions from wineries in California. The original dry sherry is made in Southern Spain in a town called Andalucia, where it has been made in wineries for centuries. Sherry wine is considered a fortified white wine which naturally gives it the dry characteristic.

A common misconception about sherry is that it is a sweet white wine and one of the main reasons for this is that in the mid-20th century much of the sherry produced in the US was a sweet variety. At the same time, the Brits and Spanish kept true to the drier variety that was made famous in Spain. There are many misconceptions about sherry wine that often scares people away for trying it.

What is Sherry Wine and where does it come from?

Sherry wine is a fortified white wine that has a unique dry taste that should be paired with food. It was originally produced by winemakers in Southern Spain using locally grown grapes. True Sherry can only be made in the tiny area in Southern Spain. However, there are many different “knockoffs” that have made their own version of Sherry and turned it into a sweet, dessert-style wine by adding chemical colors and flavorings. 

Like in the case of Champagne, which is fiercely protected by the French and only wine made from Champaign grapes from the Champagne region in France can be called Champagne. The Spanish government does not vigorously protect its trademark name, but it still remains that only Sherry made in the tiny region in Spain can authentically be called Sherry wine.

Is Sherry wine too strong?

One of the primary reasons why Sherry wine gets a bad wrap is that it considered extremely strong, much more so than most white wines on the market. This is likely why dry Sherry has frequently been referred to as whiskey of the wine world, which in layman’s terms it is meant to be savored. However, it truly is its strong flavor and higher alcohol content that gives it a much-deserved reputation.

When it comes to comparing the amount of alcohol in wine the level is expressed in a percentage of alcohol by volume and it is clearly stated on the outside of the bottle. The amount of alcohol by volume in a typical bottle of wine range from 6% on the lower end and upwards to 16% on the stronger end. Sherry wine, on the other hand, falls between 15% and 20% ABV (Alcohol By Volume) and this is generally thought to be why Sherry is frequently drunk in smaller amounts (normally 3oz.).

Types of Dry Sherry Wines

Just like other wines, there are several different types of Sherry wines and each one has its own characteristics. There is much to enjoy when it comes to Sherry, but only if you are dealing with authentic Sherry wine.

The following are all types of Dry Sherry Wine:

Fino & Manzanilla - Is considered to be the lightest of the four types of Sherry Wine which is aged in barrels protected from exposure to oxygen by a heavy layer of flor. It is typically aged for 2 to 10 years. Its unique characteristics make it perfect for it to be paired with cured meats and other foods.

Amontillado - Sherry is fortified white wine and the Amontillado Sherry is much stronger the Fino Sherry is when during the aging process the protective flor fades and oxidation begins the dry Sherry begins to changes some of its characteristics. You will see a darker color, a salty and nutty flavor.

Palo Cortado - The Palo Cortado style of Sherry Wine is a less common type of Sherry and it has unique characteristics that set’s it apart from the others. Its uniqueness occurs when the flor yeast unexpectedly dies, this leads to the exposure to oxygen. The oxygenation increase makes it much different from the Amontillado Sherry.

Oloroso - Oloroso Sherry is the darkest and strongest of all the types of Sherry which is likely caused by the lack of flor during the aging process and the extended exposure to oxygen. This type of Sherry is much more aromatic, nutty and typically consumed much like a good Kentucky Bourbon.

What is meant by Sherry is fortified white wine?

The term fortified which is frequently associated with dry Sherry wine refers to the fact that during the early days when everything was shipped by tall ships, casks of wine would be opened and brandy would be added to them in order to prevent spoiling of the wine due to the barrels being exposed to high temperatures. The brandy would act as an antiseptic and kill off any bacteria that would potentially contaminate the wine like it would the drinking water.

In case you did not realize that Sherry wine is actually a blended beverage, just like scotch and champagne as well. The blending occurs during the aging process as they use a system called Solera. The concept is designed to mix the different ages of the wine in barrels as they are stored in a warehouse. The use of a process called fractional blending in which small amounts of the Sherry being stored if barrels from previous years added to another barrel. This mixing or blending is done two to four times a year until the Sherry in the barrels is ready to be bottled.

Why is the Solera method of aging dry Sherry wine so important?

The use of the Solera method of adding some of the Sherry from a younger batch of Fino type Sherry helps to keep the layer of flor (yeast) that keeps the Sherry inside the cask from being exposed to oxygen. It is micro-nutrients found in the newer Sherry that helps to feed the flor. If this process did not continue until the Sherry was ready to bottle, the yeast would most likely die and the Sherry would then oxygenate which would change its characteristics and become one of the other types of Sherry when it is ready to be bottled.
October 12, 2019 by Last WineDown

Alcohol Content in Wine

I bet if you were to ask 10 people you know that drink wine on a regular basis if they had any idea how much alcohol was in wine, I would venture to say less than half of them would even know. That is probably because they have not read the label on the bottle of wine that they drinking from. It is far more likely that they know that it takes two or three glasses of wine to get a decent buzz to go along with their meal.

To help the consumer to be able to determine how much alcohol is in the specific wine inside the bottle, winemakers are required to print the actual alcohol content on the outside label on every bottle that they produce for sale. 

How is the alcohol content in wine expressed?

When it comes to the alcohol content that is found in a bottle of wine these days, you only have to look at the label on the bottle. The amount of alcohol that is contained in the wine is printed on the outside of the bottle on the label and is represented by a percentage of alcohol by volume. Typically, the alcohol content of a bottle of wine ranges between 5% and as high as 20%, with some values going higher. With that, wine falls smack dab in the middle between the alcohol content of a bottle of beer and shot of distilled spirits.

Which wines have the lowest alcohol content?

The strength of wine on the market generally refers to the amount of alcohol by volume (ABV value). If you are concerned about an excessive amount of alcohol in the wine you are drinking then you might want to consider one or more of the types of wine on the list below. Low alcohol content wine is generally considered any wine that has an ABV (Alcohol by Volume) between 5% and 12%.

Top 6 examples of low alcohol by volume

  • Moscato d’Asti 5.5% ABV (lightly sparkling sweet white from Italy)
  • Brachetto d’Acqui 6.5% ABV (lightly sparkling sweet red from Italy)
  • Kabinett Riesling 8% ABV (light sweet German Riesling)
  • Spätlese Riesling 8.5% ABV (rich sweet German Riesling)
  • Alsace Blanc 9%–10% ABV (France)
  • Muscadet 9.5% ABV (France)

Which wines have the highest alcohol content?

The other end of the wine spectrum is varieties of wine that contain much higher levels of alcohol by volume and therefore considered to be much stronger wines. These wines generally would range between 12% to 20% ABV.

  • Most Shiraz — 14-15% Of course, the Australians make a great, high alcohol content wine. ...
  • Red Zinfandels — 14-15.5% One word is commonly used to describe red Zinfandels: bold. ...
  • Muscat — 15% ...
  • Sherry — 15-20% ...
  • Port — 20% ...
  • Marsala — 20% ...
  • Madiera — 20%

What dictates the alcohol level in a specific wine?

Wine making is a very precise science, specialized recipes are followed in order to transform wine grapes into a great tasting beverage. The process of creating wine from grapes is called fermentation and has been used centuries basically unchanged. The amount of alcohol that is contained in wine is a direct correlation to the level of sugars that are found in each of the grapes at the time they are harvested. 

The sugars in the grapes are consumed by the yeast that is added during the fermentation process. There are a number of factors that go into determining the sugar content of the grapes that go into the wine. The two biggest factors that go into determining the level of sugars in the grapes, is the style of the grapes, the climate and soil conditions. The last piece of the puzzle that determines the final level of alcohol by volume is the actual fermentation process being used to make the wine in the first place.

Can wine alcohol content be manipulated?

Wine making is an exact science and therefore manipulating the amount of alcohol in a batch of wine can either be raised or lowered depending on which direction that you are wanting to go. Since the ripeness of the grapes when they are harvested is what makes the difference in the amount of alcohol that ends up after the fermentation process is complete.

The alcohol level can easily be raised or lowered in order to produce a certain type of wine which is dictated by the alcohol content inside the bottle. By harvesting grapes, a little early will tend to reduce the final alcohol content. If you use grapes that are riper you will ultimately end up with a much stronger wine (higher alcohol level).

Is there a negative side to making higher alcohol level wine?

When it comes to making wine stronger or with higher alcohol content there are pluses and minuses. The higher alcohol content wines are more acidic in order to help balance out the taste. For wineries these days there is a definite balancing act to decide which way they are wanting to go when it comes to the alcohol level of their wine. One factor that is responsible for producing higher alcohol levels in wine is the higher temperatures when the grapes are growing and reaching ripeness.

The unexpected side effect of alcohol content

The government determines the taxes that are owed by a winery based on the alcohol content of the wine that is being produced. That means the stronger the wine (higher alcohol level) the more that will be demanded by the U.S. Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau. There is a specific formula to determine how exactly the winery would be expected to pay depending on the samples of the wine being made.

The exact number being charged per gallon changes and you would need to consult the latest tax tables to find the exact amount that would be expected. Using 2017 numbers, wine containing up to 14% ABV is taxed at a rate of $1.07 per gallon. The wine that has an alcohol content 14% to 21% is taxed at a rate of $1.57 per gallon and anything above 21% goes up dramatically to $3.15 per gallon.
October 12, 2019 by Last WineDown

Complete Information about White Bordeaux

Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon and Muscadelle are included by the White Bordeaux grapes. White Bordeaux also consist of various other important things such as Colombard and Ugni Blanc (the grape used in Cognac). These are less popular compared to other things. Most of the White Bordeaux consists of Semillon and Sauvignon Blanc.

Bordeaux is nothing but the originated place of Sauvignon Blanc and it's really old. And if you compare it with Cabernet Sauvignon, you will find Bordeaux older then Cabernet Sauvignon.

Bordeaux is the place where you can find the white wine grapes. And this is the oldest place for white wine grapes. Only a few manufacturers of white grapes wine available in the market so if you want to try the original taste, you should visit Bordeaux. Here you can get the most expensive Bordeaux white wines and this is the most authentic place because it's the origin.       

Taste of White Bordeaux

Light & Fruity And Rich & Creamy are the main two styles of White Bordeaux. Light & Fruity styles are affordable and they make up the majority of White Bordeaux. If you are looking for Rich & Creamy White Bordeaux wines, you have to visit some specific regions. They are expensive compared to Light & Fruity styles. Now let's get in detail about the taste of these two styles of White Bordeaux. We have discussed both the types below. 

About Light & Fruity Style

At most of the places, you can get Light & Fruity style of White Bordeaux quickly available. If you want this one, you should expect big flavours and aromas of citrus, grapefruit, lemon, gooseberry and lime along with grass, freshly-wet concrete, honey, passion fruit and honeysuckle flower.  

About Rich & Creamy Style

If you compare the White Bordeaux styles, you will find Rich & Creamy the most sought-after style compared to the other one. If you want a much richer, more oily feeling on the tongue, then Rich & Creamy style is the best one for you. Baked apples and pears, crème brûlée, carmelized grapefruit, orange zest, ginger, figs, lemon butter and even chamomile are some of the best flavours available in Rich & Creamy style.

Pairing of Food

You can enjoy the White Bordeaux wine with the food containing basil, lime, avocado or garlic. White Bordeaux is the more citrus and floral compared to grassy and herbal of all the Sauvignon Blancs in the world. You can't get the California Sauvignon Blanc flavour here and the level of acidity is also not high as Pouilly-Fumé. Be careful while having White Bordeaux with highly acidic foods otherwise the wine will be overshadowed.


Best Food You Should Take With White Bordeaux

  • Arugula Salad with Lemon and Parmesan
  • Asparagus Risotto
  • English Pea Ravioli with Crab or Lobster
  • Angel Hair Pasta with Basil Pesto
  • Yellowtail Sushi with Avocado
  • White Fin Fish, such as Cod or Halibut, with Beurre Blanc

The highest amount of selling wine is red wine, and the consumption of White Bordeaux is only 7%. The region is popular for high-priced collector wines, and that's why they consume less than 5% on the total region's production.

How Much White Bordeaux Will Cost You?

Wine demand is increasing day by day. As the level of education increases, people come to know about the benefits of wine. It's really good for the skin and different types of wines have different benefits. If you are buying White Bordeaux, that means you are buying one of the most expensive wines available in the world. One bottle of this wine can cost you around $1,000. A person who loves the taste and who knows about wine, he/she will buy this one. If you compare this bottle of wine with any other bottle, you will find the white wines best one. Try it once, you will have the best intensity of flavour with rich textures, concentration, complexity and can age for decades.

White wine production is difficult that's why you can't find many brands of this wine. There are several brands available in the market who sells white wine. And that's why they cost you as high as possible. You can find the vintage variations in the wine.

If you have some important guests at your place, White Bordeaux wine is the best drink you should offer to them. Wine blends are awesome because this is the thing through which you can attract the majority of wine drinkers' tastes compared to a single variety wine. If you check the winemakers of Bordeaux collection, you will love it. These winemakers know who are their customers and what are their tastes. So without working on any other aspect, they only focus on their blends and take it extremely seriously. 

If you ever had a chance to meeting with a Bordeaux winemaker, ask them a single question like what percentage of grapes available in the particular wine. You will get the answer with the decimal number. They are that much accurate in their work. 


If you are a wine lover, you may know about the Bordeaux White wine. But if you haven't tried it, you should try. The above discussion consists of every point about Bordeaux White wine. So just go through the points, you will love the Bordeaux White wine after reading this. 

October 06, 2019 by Last WineDown

Best Spanish Wine Regions All Around the World

If you see the list of wine producers, you will find Spain on the top 3. This place has one of the massive producers of wine in the world. Here you can find a million acres of land dedicated to vineyards. Spanish wines are very famous in the market because they offer great values to highly prestigious wines. Some of the best Spanish wines are Alvaro Palacios’ L’Ermita and Vega Silicia’s Unico.

There are different types of Spanish Red wines available in the market. So you can enjoy the variations every time. We have discussed below the top 7 types of Spanish wines and this information will help you to choose the best wine.


  1. Young Tempranillo: You can get Young Tempranillo with less than a year of ageing. This is the juicy and spicy type of Tempranillo. The taste of this wine can be spicy, fleshy, and tart because they are not aged long. 
  1. Aged Tempranillo: The best quality wines of Tempranillo are stored in oak and bottle for several years. These are the bold high tannin wines. The different varieties of spiciness and flavours become sweet and dried because of the ageing of Tempranillo softness. 
  1. Young Garnacha: In France, Garnacha is famous with the name Grenache. But the grape used to produce this wine generally originated in Spain. If you want to enjoy the taste of sweet red fruit and a smooth iced tea then this fresh and juicy style of Garnacha is the best option for you.
  1. High-End Garnacha and blends: These types of wines are stored for a long period and typically come from old vines. You can enjoy the bold and complex high-end Garnacha wines with high tannin and dark raspberry flavours. 
  1. Monastrell: If you ever tasted the Mourvèdre wine in France, then you will better understand the taste of Monastrell. Because they both offer almost similar tastes. But, this wine is originated in Spain. 
  1. Mencía: The layers of Mencía consist of red fruit, floral aromas and moderate mouth0drying tannins. This is the unique medium-bodied wine. You can find most of these types of wines in Spain and Portugal. 
  1. Bobal: This is the rarely available grape in Spain. But still, many Spanish people plant Bobal plants. You can find most of this type of grape in Central Spain where it is priced for its deep opaque purple colour. It consists of high tannins. Bobal wine comes in black fruit flavours. 

If you visit Spain, you will find it the most diverse country. It helps to get a lay of the land. There are various types of grapes available in the different regions of Spain. Here we will discuss the regions and the type of grapes that founded in the specific region.



There are more than 60 regions in Spain where you can find the different types of grapes from light and zesty Albariño to inky black Monastrell. We will understand it better by dividing them into 7 distinct climates.

1) Northwest “Green” Spain

Galicia is the place where you can find different types of fishes as common food. This place is covered with plenty of green valleys. Rias Baixas is the sub-region where you will find champion grape, Albariño. This skirts the coast. This is the best place in Spain where you can get specially produced zesty white wines and some of the aromatic red wines. These wines are made with Mencia.

2) Mediterranean Coast

There are different sub-regions comes under the coast that includes Valencia, Catalonia and Murcia. Catalonia is famous for Priorat, a superiorly acclaimed red wine sub-zone. This place is also well-known for Cava, a Spanish sparkling wine. The regions like Valencia and Murcia produces the bulk of value wines because these are the warmer growing regions. You can find deep red Monastrell to aromatic white Malvasia as well as the widely planted Airén.

3) Ebro River Valley

Ebro River Valley is the origin of famous sub-regions of La Rioja and Navarra. You can find various important things here that are used to make age-worthy wines. These things include Lopez de Heredia and Marques de Murrieta. Tempranillo is king here. Navarra is famous for rosado wine. Garnacha grape is used to make this wine. This region is also famous for the production of oak-aged white wines of Viura (Macabeo). Here Txakoli (“CHAK-o-li” ), white wine is a common drink.

4) Duero River Valley

If you ever visited the Douro river in Portugal, you will find Spain's Duero river similar. Several things have made this region popular such as the minerally white wine, Verdejo, of Rueda and the bold red wines of Toro, Ribera del Duero and Leon. Tempranillo is the main type of grape produce here. And it is known as Tinta de Toro in Toro. Vega Sicilia is one of the most popular wineries in Spain and Ribera del Duero is home for this.

5) Central Plateau

The central plateau or Meseta Central is home to Madrid, a capital city. And it is the inner plateau of Spain. This place is dry and sunny. This area consists of 2300-2600 as feet average elevation. The wines are kept very far apart and close to the ground because of this place's climate characteristics. You can find some of the most impressive wines here which are produced from Garnacha, Tempranillo and even the rare, Petit Verdot.

6) AndalucĂ­a

Andalucía is the most popular for Sherry. This is a hot and dry region. Here Palomino Vineyards in Cádiz look like a moonscape because of the stark white albariza soil. "PX" which is famous as fortified dessert wine produced by Montilla-Moriles. You may enjoy the similar nutty-date flavours like Tawny Port from the aged PX.

7) The Islands (includes The Canary Islands)

Listan Negro-based reds to dessert wines made with Moscatel wines are easily available at the Islands of Spain. You can enjoy the gritty taste of rustic minerality because of the volcanic soils of the Canary Islands.  



The above-described regions are the most famous regions for different types of grapes and wines. To select a good wine, you must have little knowledge about it. So the above discussion will surely help you to know about different Spain regions where you can enjoy the best wines in the world. Visit the authentic place only to buy a genuine wine bottle. You can enjoy the fresh wine as well as aged wine here. 

October 06, 2019 by Last WineDown

Common Hair Problems treated by Red Wine

Who knew that a glass of red wine every day could be used for more than having a good time? It turns out that red wine also helps battle some common hair care related problems. If you are struggling with the woes of hair care, then do read to find out how your taste in red wine can help you combat them.

  • Hair thinning: Red wine helps in blood circulation, especially to your scalp. This reduces hair fall reduction and promotes hair growth. Red wine also helps fight scalp inflammation, leading to thicker, shinier hair.
  • Scalp itchiness: The anti-inflammatory properties of red wine ensure that your scalp does not develop itchiness in the long run. Simply pour some red wine after a shampoo routine to see improved scalp conditions within a week.
  • Dandruff: Dietary intake of red wine significantly reduces dandruff. The improved blood circulation it enhances leads to less skin flaking and consequently less dandruff.
  • Damaged hair repair: Red wine is a storehouse of many nutrients that directly boost hair revival and growth. Rinsing your hair after a wash leaves an observable sheen immediately.
  • Prevents hair ageing: The bioflavanoids present in red wine make it the ultimate remedy for anti-ageing properties. This boosts keratin formation making your hair stronger and longer.

To know further about other benefits of red wine, click on:

October 06, 2019 by Last WineDown

Top Tips for choosing the best Culinary Wine

White wine has been pantry staple for most chefs for a long time. But only a few excellent chefs know that not every white wine is suitable as an ingredient. White wines are basically chosen for their "crisp" nature- a sommelier's term used for acidity lent by wine. This acidic taste enhances the flavors of a chorizo, a risotto and even steamed mussels. Some of the best white wines used for this purpose are:

  • Pinot Blanc
  • Pinot Gris
  • Pinot Grigio
  • Sauvignon Blanc
  • Semillon

Essentially any such white wine that is dry, crisp and has high acidity content. Chardonnays usually do not work best since they have strong, oak like flavors. They have a low acidic content. Chardonnays burn and taste bitter upon the addition to a dish, essentially ruining the whole flavor.

An effective substitute: Vermouth can be a good substitute for white wine if in case your pantry is missing the latter. An opened bottle of Vermouth lasts much longer than that of any white wine. You may even use a tinge of lemon juice or vinegar for that substitute flavor, but not more than a teaspoon.

To know more about wines and their properties, click on:

October 06, 2019 by Last WineDown